نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری فقه و حقوق، مدرس گروه حقوق، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول)
2 مدرس گروه حقوق و معاون دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تبریز، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Until the early twentieth century, war and coercion were the most important governing principle on relations between countries, but occurrence two world wars with short interval led the charter setters of the United Nations to use force as a destructive factor in international relations, and make the prohibition on use of force as one of the fundamental principles of international law for the postwar period. Of course, the Charter, in some cases allows to exert the inherent right to a Self-defense and collective security system as an exception. Research method is Descriptive-analytical and for collecting information, fishing tool with library study have been used. We seek to answer these questions: First, where is the position of the use of force and legitimate defense in international law? Second: The US action, in the assassination of Sardar Soleimani, was legitimate or a behavior to justify the use of force in international relations? The findings show that the use of force is prohibited under international law, and the right of legitimate defense of states is recognized only when subjected to armed attacks. Therefore, the US action is clearly contrary to Article 51 of the Charter and has no congruence to other international principles.