عنوان مقاله [English]
Providing and securing security in the incidence and emergence of various threats in the global security system is an important priority for all governments. In such an atmosphere, the Islamic Republic of Iran, as an anti-domination system, is subject to conventional and unconventional threats from regional and unrealistic actors, threats that proper understanding of the importance of the country is for the country's security and foreign policy. In explaining the way these threats occur, it should be said that they by recognizing strategic gaps and strategic weaknesses in the fields of economics, cyber, defense, etc. try to damage these fields and surprise security system of Islamic Republic of Iran strategically by harassment and multidimensional actions. Accordingly, the question of this research is that how soft power can cause strategic surprise? In response to this question, the main hypothesis is that proper recognition of the weaknesses in the economic, cyber and defense fields and strengthening defense infrastructure are two important steps to prevent strategic surprise. The findings of this research show that soft power with an effect on diplomacy and influence on the intellectual space of the community leads to surprise for the political system. This paper carried out using descriptive-analytical method using library method analysis.